Whenever we see a painting or a sculpture for the first time, the first thing that comes into our minds is the question “what is it?” or “what does it show?” and we cannot deny that fact. And today, the time has come for us to answer that question. Today is the day where we will have a better understanding of humanities; we will understand not just arts, but the deeper meaning within arts which can dig through our hearts and souls.


My topic is all about how the choice of subject matter affects the artistic value. But before we go to that, let us first define, what is subject matter? Well subject matter is the painter’s main idea that is represented in an artwork. So the question now is does every art have subject matter or subject? The answer is simple, no, because there is are arts which has a subject matter and there are those who doesn’t, these are called representational art and non-representational art respectively. Representational or objective art is the art where an artist describes, tell, or represent an art. A great example of representational art is a painting or a sculpture where there is commonly a model and the artist will paint or sculpt the model. In representational art, it doesn’t necessarily mean that there should be a model, as long as the artist’s art brings intentional thoughts and feelings it can be considered as representational.



As I said, not all art has subject and those arts that doesn’t have a subject are called non-representational or non-objective arts. These arts are those which are made not to tell a story nor present descriptions, facts and opinions about something. This art is made fully just to space out or just to express feelings through the use of the elements of design.


Now we know the meaning of subject matter, let us know, what is artistic value? Have you ever wondered why a certain art costs so expensive? Why does a book or novel cost a fortune? Artistic value is, yes, the cost of an art. But there is something more than the price and a deeper meaning other than an art being costly, it is also the weigh that an artist puts in his art. The last question that is essential to ask is how does the choice of subject matter affect the artistic value? Reflect on my whole topic recall the things that I have mentioned and answer this question your own. Thank you very


Cube that reflects your personality

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The Father of the Cubism was Paul Cezanne. He was the one who advised painters to “treat nature by cylinder, the sphere, the cone, everything in proper perspective, so that each side of an object  or a plane is directed toward a central point.” You can see these figures in most of his artworks. An example is the

The Cubist movement was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Picasso was a Spanish painter who spent lives in France, while Braque was a native French national. Cubism was one of the influential visual art styles in early 20th century. It is also the first style of abstract art. Classicism opposes Impressionism, Impressionism opposes Cubism. The aim of Cubists painters was to develop a new way of seeing what modern age reflected. I have watched this video, which says that Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque felt that a new artistic style was needed to connect with a modern audience and reflect the struggles of the modern life. Like photography, it is being used to capture a moment or to document something.  Just like what our generation is doing right now, they use photography to tell the world what they are doing.  We could see it on different websites and application. Photography replaced paintings.

There are two periods of the Cubism, first is the Analytic Cubism, based on Humanities Art Appreciation book, “Analytical Cubists paintings have the appearance of great complexity, as the subject is fragmented into its recognizable appearance, except for few clues.”

The painting entitled “Violin and Palette” was painted by Georges Braque is an example of Analytical cubism. Analytical cubist painters used the tone of gray and brown for their paintings.

Other art historians argue that Georges Braque’s series of L’Estaque landscapes executed in 1908 were the first Cubist paintings. The art critic Louis Vauxcelles called these pictures nothing but little “cubes.”

Synthetic cubist paintings, the plane loses its earlier complexity and the monochrome coloring is replaced by brighter hues. The still life was the usual subject of Synthetic cubism.

“The Cubists artists was attempting to duplicate images, they attempted to distill the essence of other subjects with abstract forms.”





Some of us get confused about Cinema, Drama and Film. Some says they are the same, some says they are not. Well, movie means  moving pictures, film consists of pictures in a frame and it’s visible only for forty eight of a second and Cinema means the place and the technique. The place where we watch the movie or film and the technique of making a movie.

Cinema has an Elements, these are time, space, cutting, camera movement and sound.

The time is the most important element of cinema. It has three aspects of time which are physical ,  psychological and dramatic time.

Physical time is the time taken by an action as it is being filmed and as it is being projected on a screen, second is the psychological time is our emotional expression of the duration of the action that we experience as we watch a film

Third is the dramatic time, it refers to the time taken up by the events which are depicted in the film.

The second element is the space, our experience of space in reality is very different from our experience of space in cinema, we can move about in the physical space that surrounds us, but space on the screen is flat and our perception of depth is just an illusion.

The cinema lens captures the images we see on the screen, the three dimensionality and realness of the objects are achieved through the use of scale, shooting angle, lightning.

Scale refers to the size of objects on the screen and their relation to the surrounding are, our perception of the size of objects on film is artificial and very much unlike our everyday experiences, Another way in which the screen and camera can deceive us about size of the objects is through the location of the camera in relation to the subject, The different sizes of shots may be taken by long shots, medium shots and close up.

Lightning is another mean use to give the illusion or depth in the film, last is the shooting Angle, angles are varied to allow the director to show his concept of the object or the character in the film. Shooting angle can express subjectively what things are like as they are seen from the point of view of a character, The director may take picture from several angle: Vertically upwards, vertically downwards and horizontally.


The third element is cutting. The director only gets the important scene that will make the events inevitable, consists of joining one shot in a scene to a shot of another both having a logical connections.

The fourth element is the camera movement, a change of view maybe made by continuous  movement of the camera while shooting instead of switching from one shot to another, It helps us experience the gradual growth pictures of a scene, a tracking shot is taken.

Last is the Sound, a film need not record all these sounds to project its own reality on the screen.

Jose Villa Vs. Salvador Lopez

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It was 1940 when Commonwealth Literary Contest was marked by a debate on the role of the writers in society. The writers were divided into 2 groups: those who advocated “art for art’s sake” and those who stood for social consciousness. This was initiated by Philippine Writer’s League with government’s support declared the following as their objectives: “to defend the political and social institutions that make for peace and encourage a healthy culture- and specifically to defend the democratic rights to education, the freedom of thought and expression”. What is your opinion?

Two people were known to have something peculiarly unique entries. Jose Garcia Villa is known for his love poems, one of which actually caused his expulsion from the University of the Philippines, his comma poems, and metaphysical-philosophical poems and Salvador P. Lopez strove to locate the significance of literature in the mainstream of social struggle.

Jose Garcia Villa was a painter, Filipino poet, literary critic and short story writer. He was born in Manila’s Singalong district, son of Simeon Villa (personal physician of Emilio Aguinaldo) and Guia Garcia (wealthy landowner). Villa graduated from UPIS and UPHS in 1925. He enrolled on a pre-medical course but then switched to pre-law course. But then he realized that his true passion was in the arts so he tried painting then turned into creative writing after reading Winesburg, Ohio by Sherwood Anderson. In 1929 he published Man Songs, a series of erotic poems, which was found too bold by the administrators in UP and was even fined for obscenity by the manila court of first instance. He won best story of the year from the Philippine Free Press magazine for Mir-i-nisa, received P 1,000 and used this to migrate to the US. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, published Footnote to Youth in 1933 From prose he switched to writing poetry and published a lot of works until 1942. He introduced a new rhyming scheme called “reversed consonance where the last sounded consonants of the syllable, or the last principal consonant of a word, are reversed for corresponding rhyme (Ex. Near=run, rain, green, reign). Presented a poetic style called “comma poems” in 1949 saying “the commas are an integral and essential part of the medium: regulating the poem’s verbal density and time movement: enabling each word to attain a fuller tonal value, and the line movement to become more measured”. Villa described his comma poems similar to pointillism, a technique that relies on the ability of the eye and mind of the viewer to blend the color spots into a fuller range of tones which forces the readers to slow down resulting in what villa calls “a lineal pace of dignity and movement”. He also created verses out of published prose, put them all together and formed what he liked to call “Collages”.

Salvador Ponce Lopez born on may 27, 1911 in Currimao, Ilocos norte was an ilokano writer, journalist, educator, diplomat, and statesman. Also studied in UP and obtained a BA English in 1931 and a Master of Arts degree in philosophy. He became a drama critic for the Philippine Collegian. He taught literature and journalism at the University of Manila and became a daily columnist and magazine editor of the Philippine Herald until World War 2.

He was appointed by Pres. Diosdado Macapagal as Secretary of Foreign Affairs and was an ambassador to the UN for six years before re-assigned to France for seven years. He was the president of the UP from 1969-1975, established a system of democratic consultation and reorganized UP into UP System. Lopez’ essay Literature and Society won in the Commonwealth Literary Awards in 1940. This essay pointed that art must have a substance and that poet Jose Garcia Villa’s adherence to “art for art’s sake” is decadent; this also provoked debates, discussions centered on proletarian literature, engaged or committed literature versus the art for art’s sake literary orientation. His essay mainly deals about the argument that literature should be socially conscious saying, “art was a utilitarian device” and should “not merely to fill idle hour with pleasure excitement but invoke the favors of the gods.” Hear this; nobody would get benefits from reading a fantasy poem or a love poem about my first love that’s why literature should connect with society. He said that art is an egotistical output — emotions, feelings, realization and such. But, creative writing is not at all useless in the society. A love poem can be a plain poem but when people read it and felt uplifted, picked up some morals, changes might occur. If writers kept on writing about the economic or society issues, will it really benefit the country? Given that it will be helpful in informing the citizens and presenting the writers’ different perceptions about a certain issue, what would come next? Honestly, journalism today is more focused on broadcasting the negativities of the society. Sure, there are also good issues or news but they are rarely stated. You know, creative writers can be the architects of the human soul. Their thoughts and perceptions may challenge and change others perceptions, or even persuade people. They are agents that seek the still-beautiful-world despite of the world’s dark issues. They actually give hope to some people who had given up; making them realize that there’s more to life than K+12, or RH Bill, or corruption or rallies. If writers kept on writing about social issues they’ll eventually poison their readers’ minds. But all of these depend on what kind of writer they are, the time, the place, the perceptions or the norms of the people and how they understand and take a literary work.

You choose, you decide. Who weighed more, Villa or Lopez? Which side are you on?

Poet’s Choice of Word

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“Poetry is kind a not my thing. It goes like ‘Oh, the pain… the pain in my heart’” was the response of my friend when I asked him about his views on poetry. Yes, he knew of my commitment and love to poetry. Yes, he is aware that I am actually an amateur poetess, but still a poetess nonetheless, which is why he received a three-hour lecture on the importance of poetry over the chat afterwards. Yes, he had said that straight to my face and the thing is, I can’t blame him.

Before my inkling for poetry was ignited, I used to think poetry was such a drag with all its fancy sugar-coated words and mind boggling rhyming scheme. I used to think that it’s amazing and odd how people go devote tremendous time and effort to make the last words in each of the lines rhyme. I used to think it was amazing how people had the patience to read ancient and cryptic poetry. I mean, it’s something that you can include in a mystery movie like The Da Vinci Code. In my third year I actually used to curse William Shakespeare for making super complicated poetry. Exams were hell because of him.

Now, the question “Why does a portion of the population remain hooked up on poetry?” appears. The simple is answer is, it touches the heart of people. Like art, poetry makes you feel something. Sometimes, you cannot fully explain a poem but still you feel something within you respond as you read each line. And poetry doesn’t even have to be complicated and have rhyming schemes. See here, there are many kinds of poetry. One of them is known as “Free Verse”. No rhyming scheme. No syllable count. No stanzas. As the term coins, you are free from any of the rules that used to govern the making of a poetry.

Lots of contemporary poetry actually uses free verse. They’re scattered over the net. But despite being free from the rules, you cannot classify everything as poetry just because you say so. For something to be poetry, it needs to be able to deliver meaning in a creative or profound way. Although it is cliché, you also need to make people feel it “from the bottom of their hearts”. How do you do something as arduous as that? It’s through the choice of words.

Choice of words, as defined by the online dictionary The Free Dictionary is “the manner in which something is expressed in words”. It is correlated with the term Diction. Diction, according to, is the style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words. Poetry greatly relies in choice of words. How can you deliver something well? You need to carefully select your words. Take note, however, that choice of words does not only play a role in the success of conveying a thought or idea. It does more than that.

What are the roles of choice of words? First of all, choice of words expresses your stand about something. Second, it expresses how you feel about something and also about your own stand or opinion. Third, it expresses your present mood or emotions. Fourth, it says something about the kind of person that you are. It indicates your attitude and personality. Basically, choice of words tells a lot about you and your point of view.

Point of view is crucial. It decides how the audience would see something. It decides what they might feel about what they would see. It is not just important solely in writing. In painting, drawing and photography, there exists what is known as angling. All angles, gives you a view of something. A lot of them makes whatever you’re viewing available to see but with different perspectives. They’re all beautiful, in their own way, but there are just some angles that are more astounding and captivating than others, they take your breath away.

This is the reason why choice of words is vital. Besides, choice of words determines the nature of whatever you’re expressing. Words

Nature is You!


“Your greatest pain will soon be your greatest strength.” It’s better to experience first the bitterness of life before you savour the sweetness of success. We all have our own stories. Own stories that makes us unique and makes our personality. Stories that would make us even stronger to continue in life. Because sometimes, it is unfair. Unfair that would make you think, does GOD really love me? That would make you ask, why me of all the people? But the, GOD only wants the best for us. He won’t be giving us problems that we cannot overcome. He just wants us to experience the real life. The reality. As what they were saying, experience is the best teacher. You won’t be able to learn if you are not yet experiencing it. They say, I’m strong. They say I’m kind. They say that I’m loving. But for me? I’m just a little poor girl who wants to be loved and recognized. I am just the ordinary that wants to succeed someday. A girl that dreamed to be a princess back then. And her story goes like this. Once, there lived a royal family.

They were happy even though they only have a simple life. But then one day, the king has to leave for a while because her sister died. But then, time, years passed, the king didn’t came back anymore. So his family struggled very hard. But the queen didn’t gave up. She strive hard for the sake of her princesses. And she succeeded. The princesses grew up thinking how they can repay the unconditional love that her mother gave. For sacrificing everything just to make them live. The queen proved to her daughters that there is no other love like a mother’s love for her child. Being successful is my greatest dream. Am I the only one? We all want it. But the thing is, it is not what you dream. It is about how you make it happen. But you know the secret recipe of success?? Do your very best, and leave it all to GOD. Do not question him. Because sometimes, God’s plan for us is better than what we want for ourselves. And of course don’t just do it for your self. Do it to make your loved ones happy. As what they were saying, “seeing the people you love happy, can make you even happier.”

Decades Vs. Modern


Almost 50 decades passed by the first man in this society was the Malays and the other of people. We all knew that they are not aware about the Technology thingy. But they are so much creative by doing anything that make them strong. They use the powerful creation of God which is the nature of them to survived.

But now, all has been changed. The humans nowadays aren’t using nature or the naturals instead they or we are using modern ways. Nowadays, peoples have a wide knowledge about the things that they think that they are going to the top or maybe they thinking “How am I going to do this things just a seconds”. They are the inventors, they invent something that make our daily lives routine fast. No challenges, No difficulties, No hard to do. They called this Technology. This is the discipline dealing with the art of science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems.

Inventing this things have a Advantages and Disadvantages. As I’ve research Technology can be defined as science applied to practical purposes. It is easy to think about the advantages of modern technology, but what about its disadvantages? Technology today has made life easier and quicker but also dangerous.

Modern technology makes life easier for people. For example, microwave ovens cook food easily. Dishwashers wash all dirty dishes and dry them. Moreover TVs, personal computers, cell phones and the internet have enhanced the welfare and wellbeing of people worldwide. These have provided various ways of entertainment, have improved people’s lives, helped hem to communicate, and offered them ways to get to distant parts of the world in little time.

Also, modern technology saves many innocent lives. Medical science is very progressive and vastly available today. Many life-saving discoveries are all thanks to modern technology. Without brain scanners, fetal monitors, endoscopes, lasers, radioactive chemicals and computers, a lot of people would struggle with their health.

On the minus side modern technology has come up with deadly and dangerous weapons such as poison gas bombs and nuclear bombs. And while many people live in horrible conditions and famine, governments spend a lot of money on developing weapon industry. Besides, the weapon machinery pollutes the globe and endangers our environment.

In addition, modern technology has made us so dependent on it that we feel lost without it. We feel helpless, defeated, and lost if our machines break down. We, also, become so addicted to these tools that we loose all real interpersonal relationships.

Modern Technology also creates financial problems in families because it has dangled before their eyes a litany of expensive gadgets they cannot afford. Thus, the push-button dreamworld raises people’s material expectations to an unrealistic level. Some people, then, may turn to crime and corruption to increase their material wealth.

Eventually, everything that we use in life is good or bad depending upon the use. It contributed immensely to the overall experience of humankind; to our material comfort and well-being and to our greater understanding of the world we live in. However, we must balance the use of technology with the possibility we may be crushed by these new ways of doing things.