The Father of the Cubism was Paul Cezanne. He was the one who advised painters to “treat nature by cylinder, the sphere, the cone, everything in proper perspective, so that each side of an object or a plane is directed toward a central point.” You can see these figures in most of his artworks. An example is the
The Cubist movement was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Picasso was a Spanish painter who spent lives in France, while Braque was a native French national. Cubism was one of the influential visual art styles in early 20th century. It is also the first style of abstract art. Classicism opposes Impressionism, Impressionism opposes Cubism. The aim of Cubists painters was to develop a new way of seeing what modern age reflected. I have watched this video, which says that Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque felt that a new artistic style was needed to connect with a modern audience and reflect the struggles of the modern life. Like photography, it is being used to capture a moment or to document something. Just like what our generation is doing right now, they use photography to tell the world what they are doing. We could see it on different websites and application. Photography replaced paintings.
There are two periods of the Cubism, first is the Analytic Cubism, based on Humanities Art Appreciation book, “Analytical Cubists paintings have the appearance of great complexity, as the subject is fragmented into its recognizable appearance, except for few clues.”
The painting entitled “Violin and Palette” was painted by Georges Braque is an example of Analytical cubism. Analytical cubist painters used the tone of gray and brown for their paintings.
Other art historians argue that Georges Braque’s series of L’Estaque landscapes executed in 1908 were the first Cubist paintings. The art critic Louis Vauxcelles called these pictures nothing but little “cubes.”
Synthetic cubist paintings, the plane loses its earlier complexity and the monochrome coloring is replaced by brighter hues. The still life was the usual subject of Synthetic cubism.
“The Cubists artists was attempting to duplicate images, they attempted to distill the essence of other subjects with abstract forms.”